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The dynasty also had some links to the British Monarchy. The Wittelsbach Emperor Louis IV acquired Brandenburg (1323), Tyrol (1342), Holland, Zeeland and Hainaut (1345) for his House but he had also released the Upper Palatinate for the Palatinate branch of the Wittelsbach in 1329. Maximilian was married twice. [citation needed]. Official Residences: Schloss Nymphenburg, Residenzschloss in Munich, Leuchtenburg Palace, Schloss Wildenwart etc. Last Ruler: King Ludwig III ruled 1913-1918, (Regent 1912-1913) In the imperial election a few days later Charles III Philip voted for his Bavarian cousin Prince-Elector Charles Albert. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Frederick V, Elector Palatine, King of Bohemia, Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken, Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld, Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken, Louis V, Margrave of Brandenburg, Duke of Bavaria and Count of Tyrol, Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Holland and Hainaut, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland, Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein, Christopher of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Electoral Palatinate, County Palatine of the Rhine, List of coats of arms with the Palatine Lion, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=NgKqDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT246&lpg=PT246&dq=sophia+of+hanover+member+house+of+wittelsbach&source=bl&ots=-XbNZr_gp9&sig=ACfU3U210M5PHizJk8_ksM5vyfeak0TYQw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjrh9Xy0PrpAhUXhlwKHekfBlo4ChDoATAIegQIChAB#v=onepage&q=sophia%20of%20hanover%20member%20house%20of%20wittelsbach&f=false, Germany: Bavaria: Heads of State: 1806–1918, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/george_i_king.shtml, "The Succession Laws of the Greek Monarchy", Archived website about the Royal Family of Bavaria, Haus Bayern – Wittelsbacher Ausgleichsfonds, "Genealogy of the House of Wittelsbach from Genealogy.eu", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_Wittelsbach&oldid=998584186, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from June 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 02:05. [10], Or, an eagle sable, membered, beaked and langued gules; inescutcheon quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, sur le tout gules, an orb crucifer or. After Rupprecht died the royal sceptre and crown from the Bavarian State Museum were placed on his coffin. All content copyright Unofficial Royalty 2021. He was placed under the ban of the Empire and his lands, titles and electoral dignity were confiscated and given to his Roman Catholic cousin, the Duke of Bavaria, who takes: Quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, overall gules, an orb crucifer or. In 1619, the Protestant Frederick V, Elector Palatine became King of Bohemia but was defeated by the Catholic Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, a member of the Bavarian branch. Par déduction. Her abdication in 1720 marked the end of Wittelsbach rule in Sweden. When Henry's branch died out in 1340 the Emperor Louis IV, a son of Duke Louis II, reunited the duchy. Check out our bavarian royal selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. The name Habsburg is derived from the castle of Habsburg, or Habichtsburg (“Hawk’s Castle”), built in 1020 by Werner, bishop of … Quarterly, County Palatine of the Rhine, Franconia, de Burgovie, de Veldenz. His other son Otto became the King of Greece till 1862 when he had to abdicate and leave the country. Monarchism in Bavaria after 1918 was driven by the belief that a monarchy would be the best form of government for the German state of Bavaria, despite the abolition of the Bavarian monarchy in 1918.The Bavarian monarchy ended with the declaration of a Bavarian Republic, after the Anif declaration by King Ludwig III on 12 November 1918 as a consequence of Germany's defeat in the First World War. Nov 2, 2020 - Explore Allison White's board "Bavaria", followed by 209 people on Pinterest. At this point, tracing the claim becomes impossible as the same branch of the Wittelsbach became heir to both thrones, and a subsequent monarch or pretender should have issued a renunciation to one of the two thrones, which none did. The House of Windsor, the reigning royal house of the British throne, are descendants of Sophia of Hanover, a Wittelsbach Princess and Electress of Hanover. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Strictly Catholic by upbringing, the Bavarian dukes became leaders of the German Counter-Reformation. A younger son, John III, became Bishop of Liège. Thailand's royal family, compared to the constantly spotlighted British monarchy, is extremely secretive. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria acquired also the Electorate of the Palatinate in 1214. You can search for royalty-related items - or anything else - by using this link. Important grouping of the Bavarian royal family. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. He is childless and his brother Prince Max (born 1937) is his heir. In 1124, Otto V, count of Scheyern (died 1155), removed the residence of his family to Wittelsbach and called himself by this name. The Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle (constructed around 940) in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey. This last episode of the Hook and Cod wars finally left the counties in Burgundian hands in 1432. But were they victims—or enablers of the Nazis? When Franz turned 70 in 2003 all 3000 guests accepted his birthday invitation, which just goes to show the high esteem the Bavarian population and dignitaries hold him. Once a year the Court Title Commission assembled to evaluate the many applicants. She was born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria, now in the German state of Bavaria, on August 30, 1813, the eldest daughter of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. When the senior branch of the Palatinate branch died out in 1559, the Electorate passed to Frederick III of Simmern, a staunch Calvinist, and the Palatinate became one of the major centers of Calvinism in Europe, supporting Calvinist rebellions in both the Netherlands and France. En 1648, le fils de Frédéric V recupère une partie des terres paternelles, le titre d'électeur, confisquées en 1623, et la charge d'archi-trésorier du Saint-Empire. After extinction of the Neuburg branch in 1742, the Palatinate was inherited by Duke Charles Theodore of the branch Palatinate-Sulzbach. It instituted a semi-salic order with an important rule preventing the union of the crown on the same head with any other crown, especially that of Bavaria. Otto I, Count of Scheyern died 1072, his third son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach (near Aichach). Children from his 1st marriage include his heir Ludwig I (1786-1868), and Charlotte (1792-1873) who was married to King William I of Wurttemberg and later married to Emperor Francis I of Austria who died in 1835. [16], Per pale, I quarterly 1 and 4 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (county palatine of the Rhine), 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise, azure and argent (Bavaria); overall argent, a lion azure armed, langued and crowned or (Veldenz); II quarterly of six, two rows of three, 1 or, a lion sable, armed and langued gules (Juliers), 2 gules, an escutcheon argent, surmounted by an escarbuncle with rays or (Cleves), 3 argent, a lion gules, queue fourchée in saltire, armed, langued and crowned or (Berg), 4 or, a fess chequy of three rows, argent and gules (de la Marck), 5 argent, three chevrons gules (Ravensberg), 6 argent, a fess sable. King Otto I of the House of Wittelsbach was made the first King of modern Greece in 1832 under the Convention of London, whereby Greece became a new independent kingdom under the protection of the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire). By the late 18th century Wittelsbach rule was split to the Palatinate (on the French border) and Bavaria. When Greece was blockaded by the (British) Royal Navy in 1850 and again in 1853, to stop Greece from attacking the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War, Otto's standing amongst Greeks suffered. [13], Quarterly 1 and 4 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (Palatinate), 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise azure and argent (Bavaria), overall gules, a crown of Charlemagne or, which is the heraldic augmentation for the archtreasurer of the Holy Roman Empire. Oct 23, 2015 - The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. Augusta of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1824 ... born Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, was the wife of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, which is why Bavaria focused so much in her family’s life. Although most of the Holy Roman Empire Emperors were from the Habsburg dynasty, in 1742 a Wittelsbach served as Holy Roman Emperor. The capital of Württemberg was Stuttgart. Inescutcheon, Bavaria. On 18 May 1949, when Franz was 15, his grandfather Crown Prince Rupprecht recognised the marriage of Franz's parents as dynastic , and Franz became a prince of Bavaria. These put a large strain on the Bavarian finances, even though Ludwig received money from the Welfenfonds (money Bismarck expropriated from the Hanover Royal family). However, although he was also skilled as a politician, he was reluctant in making peace. Sophie will one day inherit the Jacobite rights after her uncle and father die. See more ideas about Bavaria, German royal family, Royal family. Max only has daughters and is the father of Princess Sophie (born 1967) who is married to Prince Alois of Liechtenstein. The family provided two Holy Roman Emperors: Louis IV (1314–1347) and Charles VII (1742–1745), both members of the Bavarian branch of the family, and one German King with Rupert of the Palatinate (1400–1410), a member of the Palatinate branch. During the last 10 years of Ludwig’s reign, he never held a court ball or inspected his troops. Her eldest son succeeded the throne as the next Protestant king to become George I of Great Britain, a descendant of the Houses of Hanover and Wittelsbach. Their son Luitpold (born 1951) is therefore 2nd in the succession after his uncle Max. Cette charge sur ses armes her husband the Ducal Wittelsbach line ) Roman Emperor trying to take kingdom! Few days later Charles III Philip voted for his Bavarian cousin Prince-Elector Charles Albert monarchy, is secretive! 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